What is difference between conscious and conscience?
Generally, conscious is used for thought or perception about a particular subject or action thereof. This is used to indicate the quantity of our awareness or knowledge about the act we do. One who is dress conscious, dresses nicely as occasion demands. We can also say that person is speech conscious; that person first of all weighs what he wants to convey – meaning person concerned does not give any chance to criticize him as far as his/her speech is concerned. One who spends money according to chartered plan could be termed as budget conscious. Finally, a person who is self conscious means that that person takes care or is cautious that all his actions and reactions thereof are in sync with self respect. Meaning that person takes every step with awareness lest his/her action is misjudged for some other motive rather that what he / she actually intends. It means awareness and not insensitive. It goes to show that whenever we are fully aware what we are doing and are also aware the consequence of our action that state is termed as consciously transacted action.
We do speak about raising our consciousness meaning; raising the quantity of our awareness or range of our awareness. Higher consciousness means increasing the quantity of state of mental awareness. Then we talk about self-conscious which also means awareness of ‘self’. Mental awareness, meaning acting within the confines of discipline and probity lest our actions do not prove counter to others’ viewpoints. It can also be considered, how others think of us or in other words how others perceive us as a member of society.
It should also be remembered that when we talk of conscious mind, its mysteriousness should never be forgotten. It never ages. It remains ever youthful. I used to have the same mental outlook of things around me or about me as I am having presently. It is really limitless. Through our mental imagination, we can take us to our childhood or any other part of the world. It is thus boundless. We become ‘self conscious’ when we understand the nature of our mind and act accordingly.
Then when one resorts to some unethical or criminal act consciously or knowing fully well its consequences. It is also what is wrong or right. It is conscious act done with ulterior motive and is, therefore, reprehensible and a person doing so could be hauled under the laws of land. This act too becomes Karmic debit for that person. Conscience is also termed as ‘inner voice’.
One who is self-aware or self conscious will act very cautiously or carefully lest that person is not misjudged in the eyes of others besides he is not lowered in his own esteem.
Bhagwad Gita professes that self consciousness could be attained through Yoga of meditation whereby we can unravel the true nature of our ‘self’ by uplifting ourselves from narrowness i.e. from human consciousness to our soul consciousness. When the elevation in Yoga is attained, tranquility of mind is ensured through ‘God Consciousness’.
Conscience is used for indicating qualitative parameters. When a Yogi does his Karma he keeps abreast of moral or ethical, rational, pragmatism aspects so that he does not deviate from the path but without being self righteous in any manner. It is because when self righteousness takes front seat, ego, is not far off then.
When we do a task conscientiously, it means we hardly leave aside any aspect impinging on that task.
This line could be religious thoughts, norm of behavior with our fellow beings or any other course of action which we want to take. In these actions moral, ethical or rational aspects too are inclusive. Giving no chance to others to object the line of his/her thought and action. All Karmic deeds or misdeeds are judiciously introspected before taking any tangible action.